• Profile

Smog increases risk of adverse health effects in pregnant mothers, babies: Study

ANI Aug 06, 2022

A study has revealed mild exposure to common smog pollutants such as inhalable airborne particles and carbon monoxide during pregnancy results in adverse maternal and fetal health outcomes.

The study was published in the journal Open Medicine. China has experienced significant economic growth in recent decades. While this has increased prosperity, it has come at a cost in the form of industrial pollution.

The air quality in many Chinese cities is very poor compared with most cities in developed countries with less than 1% of the largest Chinese cities meeting acceptable standards of air quality. Smog seriously threatens human health, and pregnant women and fetuses are more susceptible to its effects than the general population.

Lead author Yijing Zhai and colleagues studied the effects of common smog pollutants on pregnancy outcomes in Baoding, Hebei, an area in China that experiences significant air pollution. They correlated levels of different pollutants with pregnancy outcomes in 842 women over a three-year period.

These pollutants included inhalable airborne particles, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide. The study paints a stark picture of the ill effects of common air pollutants on pregnant women and their unborn children and highlights the need to couple economic growth and industrialisation with environmental protection.

"The findings of our analysis may help decision-makers to develop targeted policies and environmental measures to reduce the health hazards of air pollution," the authors conclude.

The researchers found that mild exposure to inhalable particles during an entire pregnancy increased the risk of low birth weight, and mild exposure to carbon monoxide during the third trimester had the same effect. Similarly, mild exposure to inhalable particles increased the risk of high blood pressure during pregnancy, with particular sensitivity in the first and third trimesters.

Exposure to nitrogen dioxide during the second trimester had a similar effect. Finally, exposure to airborne particles during the third trimester increased the risk of water breaking early.

Only Doctors with an M3 India account can read this article. Sign up for free or login with your existing account.
4 reasons why Doctors love M3 India
  • Exclusive Write-ups & Webinars by KOLs

  • Nonloggedininfinity icon
    Daily Quiz by specialty
  • Nonloggedinlock icon
    Paid Market Research Surveys
  • Case discussions, News & Journals' summaries
Sign-up / Log In
M3 app logo
Choose easy access to M3 India from your mobile!

M3 instruc arrow
Add M3 India to your Home screen
Tap  Chrome menu  and select "Add to Home screen" to pin the M3 India App to your Home screen