Dietary flavonoids and the prevalence and 15-y incidence of age-related macular degeneration

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition Jul 11, 2018

Gopinath B, et al. - In this population-based cohort study, researchers evaluated the independent links between dietary intake of total flavonoids and common flavonoid classes with the prevalence and 15-year incidence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). They performed prevalence and incidence analyses including 2,856 adults aged ≥ 49 years at baseline and 2,037 followed up 15 years later, respectively. They used a semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to evaluate dietary intake. Retinal photographs were used to assess AMD. An independent and protective link between dietary intake of flavonoids and the likelihood of having AMD was indicated by findings. Participants who reported ≥ 1 serving of oranges a day vs those who never ate oranges at baseline had a reduced risk of late AMD 15 years later.

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