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Patients perspectives of tuberculosis treatment challenges and barriers to treatment adherence in Ukraine: A qualitative study

BMJ Open Feb 09, 2020

Aibana O, Dauria E, Kiriazova T, et al. - Researchers performed a qualitative study to know the difficulties faced by individuals with tuberculosis (TB) and factors that influence TB treatment adherence in Ukraine. A total of 60 adults who had undergone treatment for drug-sensitive TB between June 2012 and August 2015 were included. They carried semistructured, in-depth, individual interviews among a purposively selected clinical sample of individuals previously treated for drug-sensitive TB. The results found that 19 (32.8%) were HIV positive, 12 (20.3%) had substance use disorder and 9 (15.0%) had not completed TB treatment among 60 individuals. In this study population, the data indicate important barriers to TB treatment adherence and propose specific interventions that may be beneficial in mitigating high rates of poor treatment results for TB in Ukraine.
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