Health effects of dietary risks in 195 countries, 1990–2017: A systematic analysis for the global burden of disease study 2017

The Lancet May 15, 2019

Afshin A, et al. – In 195 countries, researchers assessed the consumption of major foods and nutrients to quantify the effect of their suboptimal intake on non-communicable disease (NCD) mortality and morbidity. They estimated the proportion of disease-specific burden attributable to each dietary risk factor among adults aged ≥ 25 years by using a comparative risk assessment approach. They found that high sodium intake, low intake of whole grains, and low fruit consumption were the leading dietary risk factors for death and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) in several of the countries evaluated. However, dietary data were collected from mixed sources and were not available for all countries, thus increasing the statistical uncertainty of the estimates. Irrespective of this uncertainty, the study findings highlighted the need for improvement in food quality and quantity across nations.

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