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Can a doctor be found guilty of workplace insubordination?: Dr. Purvish Parikh

M3 India Newsdesk Feb 13, 2020

Dr. Purvish Parikh answers questions on workplace insubordination, under what circumstances doctors can be found guilty, and how it can affect their career and future work prospects.


  • Can a doctor in government service be found guilty of insubordination?
  • Can such insubordination adversely affect service record and career prospects?
  • Can serious insubordination lead to action under Indian CrPC (Criminal Procedure Code)?

Recently, Asheen Phansey, an American Professor of Indian origin was fired by Babson College, Boston for posting a Facebook joke pertaining to Iran’s bombing of US sites in Iraq. He had, of course, apologised for his sloppy humour– which was interpreted as a threat. But that happened in USA. Can such a thing happen in India?

Like other people, healthcare professionals are also expected to be polite to everyone. Registered medical practitioners have to also comply with the Indian Medical Council (Professional conduct, Etiquette and Ethics) Regulations, 2002.

In a public state government hospital of NCR, a newly appointed assistant professor was found to have shouted and misbehaved with his head of department. This was not an isolated incident. It was followed by several other instances of misbehaviour, insulting insinuations and even physical threat.

The complaint reached the hospital administration, who conducted an inquiry, found the junior guilty, issued a show cause notice and extended his probation period. When this did not prevent him from continuing harassment, additional security was provided to the aggrieved senior colleague while working inside the institute. Subsequently, a police complaint was filed and the matter went to the judicial courts.

The junior doctor was found guilty and an order was passed against him under the Indian CrPC. This was reconfirmed by the additional sessions’ court as well as the Delhi high court.

Adverse notings were made in the internal performance review of the employed junior doctor, which now formed a permanent part of his service records and has important implications on his future career prospects. Additionally being found guilty of criminal charges, dims his ability to find gainful employment anywhere as well as could prevent him from obtaining visa to travel abroad.

Hence, it is very important for doctors to understand the meaning of insubordination and misconduct.

Insubordination can be defined as wilful failure to obey instructions of seniors – provided the act required to be done is ethical, legal and within the terms of the job description.

Insubordination can take varying hues from rudeness to insolence to even wilful/deliberate challenge to authority.

It can be proven if the following criteria are met:

  1. Direct order was clearly given
  2. The order was lawful and reasonable
  3. The order matched the job description – with the rider that the employee’s duties, that are ancillary and necessary for the employer’s operational requirements, must also be carried out.

Gross insubordination has serious criminal implications, including under section 144 of CrPC. Other provisions that may also be applicable in specific circumstances include:

  • Section 354D of IPC (Women’s Rights); Workplace harassment
  • Mental cruelty (Section 498-A of IPC)
  • The Human Rights Act, 1993 (TPHRA)
  • Scheduled Castes and Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act
  • Intentionally causing harm (IPC 323)
  • Intentional insult and provocation (IPC 504)
  • Criminal intimidation with death threat (IPC 506)

In conclusion, misconduct/insubordination at the workplace could be a serious offence and can lead to damaging long term consequences for the perpetrator both within and outside the institution. Doctors need to be aware of these facts to ensure they are neither accused of such an offence nor are they a silent victim of such a crime.


Disclaimer- The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author's and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of M3 India.

The author, Dr. Purvish Parikh is the Group Oncology Director & Professor of Medical Oncology at Shalby Cancer & Research Institute, Ahmedabad.

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