• Profile

New government study to assess pollution-driven mortality

IANS Oct 27, 2018

Union Environment Ministry will soon initiate its first-ever study to assess mortality and acute events due to air pollution starting from 20 major cities this year, officials said.

The government had earlier rejected acknowledging the international research from institutions like Lancet and World Health Organisation (WHO). The alarming reports in the past two years had projected figures attributing to a number of premature deaths caused by air-pollution.

According to the environment health advisor to the Union Environment Ministry, India aims a long-term study to quantify the health risks and impacts leading to premature deaths and factors responsible. The research aims to get a country-wide clear picture in the next three years, but to begin with, it aims 20 major cities which include Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Lucknow and Chandigarh.

"The plan may take three years, but we need to get going and we will get some results in a year. The plan may take a final shape by this month-end in the next meeting at the Ministry," said Dr T.K Joshi, Environment Health advisor, Union Environment Ministry. The study will especially focus on the mortalities of below five-year-old children.

The ministry is also in process of identifying 20 hospitals, each in selected cities, which will keep a tab on such cases. It will research and report to the nodal agency. In the national capital, AIIMS has been identified to track the acute cases due to air-pollution. The Ministry has also decided to appoint one Principal Investigator, a senior doctor of the designated health institute or hospital in each of the 20 cities.

"We need to know how severe is the problem of acute effects and cases like strokes due to air-pollution. This study aims at quantifying the risks and to understand the quantum of health impacts and the exact cause," he said. Earlier in 2016, a Global Burden of Disease stated that 9,20,000 premature deaths occurred in India due to household air pollution and 5,90,000 premature deaths due to ambient air pollution. Lancet medical journal had stated that India and China contributing to 5.4 million of the pollution-related mortalities. The study said air pollution led to over 2,750 cases of deaths or severe illnesses per lakh people in 2016.

Only Doctors with an M3 India account can read this article. Sign up for free.
  • 55 lakhs+ doctors trust M3 globally

  • Nonloggedininfinity icon
    Unlimited access to original articles by experts
  • Nonloggedinlock icon
    Secure: we never sell your data
  • Signing up takes less than 2 mins
Try M3 India / Log In
M3 app logo
Choose easy access to M3 India from your mobile!

M3 instruc arrow
Add M3 India to your Home screen
Tap  Chrome menu  and select "Add to Home screen" to pin the M3 India App to your Home screen